Articles Relating to Reading Comprehension and Mental
Anderson, R.C., Goetz, E.T., Pichert, J.W., & Halff, H.M. 1977.
Two faces of the conceptual peg hypothesis. Journal of Experimental
Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 3, 142-149.
Anderson, R.C., & Kulhavy, R.W. 1972. Imagery and prose learning.
Joural of Educational Psychology, 63, 242-243.
Arlin, nM., Scott, M., & Webster, J. 1978-1979.
The effects of pictures on rate of learning sight words: A critique
of the focal attention hypothesis. Reading Research Quarterly,
Bartlett, F.C. 1995. Remembering. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge
University Press. (Original work published in 1932)
Clark, J.M., & Paivio, A. 1991. Dual coding theory and education.
Educational Psychology Review, 3, 149-210.
Cramer, E.H. 1980. Mental imagery, reading attitude, and comprehension.
Reading Improvement, 17, 135-139.
Denis, M. 1982. Imaging while reading text: A study of individual
differences. Memory & Cognition, 10, 540-545.
Denis, M. 1984. Imagery and prose: A critical review of research
on adults and children. Text, 4, 381-401.
Filippatou, D., & Pumfrey, P.D. 1996. Pictures, titles, reading
accuracy, and reading comprehension: A research review (1973-1995).
Educational Research, 38, 259-291.
Gambrell, L.B. 1982. Induced mental imagery and the text prediction
performance of first and third graders. In J.A. Niles & L.A. Harris
(Eds.), New inquiries in reading research and instruction (pp.
131-135). Thirty-first Yearbook of the National Reading Conference.
Rochester, NY: National Reading Conference.
Gambrell, L.B., & Bales, R.J. 1986. Mental imagery and the
comprehension-monitoring performance of fourth- and fifth-grade poor
readers. Reading Research Quarterly, 21, 454-464.
Gambrell, L.B., & Jawitz, P.B. 1993. Mental imagery, text
illustration, and children's story comprehension and recall. Reading
Research Quarterly, 28, 264-276.
Giesen, C., & Peeck, J. 1984. Effects of imagery instruction
on reading and retaining a literary text. Journal of Mental Imagery,
Goetz, E.T., & Sadoski, M. 1996. Imaginative processes in
literary comprehension. In R.J. Kreuz & M.S. MacNealy (Eds.), Empirical
approaches to literature and aesthetics (pp. 221-240). Norwood,
Goetz, E.T., Sadoski, M., & Olivarez, A., Jr. 1991. Getting
a reading on reader response: Relationships between imagery, affect,
and importance ratings, recall and imagery reports. Reading Psychology,
Huttenlocher, J.. 1968. Constructing spatial images: A strategy
in reasoning. Psychology Review, 75, 550-560.
Intons-Peterson, M.J. 1993. Imagery's role in creativity and
discovery. In B. Roskos-Ewoldsen, M.J. Intons-Peterson, & R.E. Anderson,
(Eds.), Imagery, creativity and discovery: A cognitive perspective
(pp. 1-37). New York: North-Holland
Jorm, A.F. 1977. Effect of word imagery on reading performance
as a function of reader ability. Journal of Educational Psychology,
Kaufmann, G. 1990. Imagery effects in problem solving. In P.J.
Hampson, D.F. Marks, & J.T.E. Richardson (Eds.), Imagery: Current
developments (pp. 169-196). London: Routledge.
Kaufmann, G., & Helstrup, T. 1985. Mental imagery and problem
solving: Implications for the educational process. In A.A. Sheikh &
K.S. Sheikh (Eds.), Imagery in education: Imagery in the educational
process (pp. 113-144). Farmingdale, NY: Baywood.
Kolker, B., & Terwilliger, P.N. 1986. Visual imagery of text
and children's processing. Reading Psychology, 7, 267-277.
Kosslyn, S.M. 1980. Image and mind. Cambridge, MA: Harvard
Kosslyn, S.M. 1994. Image and brain: A resolution of the imagery
debate. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Kulhavy, R.W., & Swenson, I. 1975. Imagery instructions and
the comprehension of text. British Journal of Educational Psychology,
Levie, W.H., & Lentz, R. 1982. Effects of text illustrations:
A review of research. Educational Communication & Technology,
Levin, J.R. 1973. Inducing comprehension in poor readers. Journal
of Educational Psychology, 65, 19-24.
Levin, J.R., & Divine-Hawkins, P. 1974. Visual imagery as
a prose learning process. Journal of Reading Behavior, 6, 23-30.
Marks, D.E. 1977. Imagery and consciousness. Journal of Mental
Imagery, 2, 275-290.
McCallum, R.D., & Moore, S. 1999. Not all imagery is created
equal: The role of imagery in the comprehension of main ideas in exposition.
Reading Psychology, 20, 21-60.
Morrow, L.M. 1985. Retelling stories: A strategy for improving
young children's comprehension, concept of story structure, and oral
language complexity. Elementary School Journal, 85, 647-661.
Oakhill, J., & Patel, S. 1991. Can imagery training help
children who have comprehension problems? Journal of Research in
Reading, 14, 106-115.
Paivio, A. 1969. Mental imagery in associative learning and memory.
Psychology Review, 76, 241-263.
Paivio, A. 1971. Imagery and verbal processes. new York:
Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. (Reprinted 1979, Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence
Paivio, A. 1991a. Images in mind: The evolution of a theory.
New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
Paivio, A. 1996. Imagery and memory. In M.S. Gazzaniga (Ed.),
The cognitive neurosciences. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Pressley, M. 1977. Imagery and children's learning: Putting the
picture in developmental perspective. Review of Educational Research,
Pressley, M. 1976. Mental imagery helps eight-year-olds remember
what they read. Journal of Educational Psychology, 68, 355-359.
Pressley, M., Johnson, C.J., Symons, S., McGoldrick, J.A., &
Kurita, J.A. 1989. Strategies that improve children's memory and
comprehension of text. Elementary School Journal, 90.
Rasinski, T.V. 1985. Picture this: Using imagery as a reading
comprehension strategy. Reading Horizons, 25, 280-288.
Rodriguez, M., & Sadoski, M. 2000. Effects of rote, context,
keyword, and context/keyword methods on retention of vocabulary in EFL
classrooms. Language Learning, 50, 385-412.
Sadock, J.M. 1993. Figurative speech and linguistics. In A. Ortony
(Ed.), Metaphor and thought (2nd ed., pp. 58-70). Cambridge,
UK: Cambridge University Press.
Sadoski, M. 1983. An exploratory study of the relationships between
reported imagery and the comprehension and recall of a story. Reading
Research Quarterly, 19, 110-123.
Sadoski, M. 1985. The natural use of imagery in story comprehension
and recall: Replication and extension. Reading Research Quarterly,
Sadoski, M., 1999a. Comprehending comprehension [Essay review
of the book Comprehension: A paradigm for cognition] Reading Research
Quarterly, 34, 493-500.
Sadoski, M. 1999b. Mental imagery in reading: A sampler of some
significant studies. Reading Online [electonic journal of the
International Reading Association]. Available: http://www.readingonline.org/research/Sadoski.htm]
Sadoski, M., Goetz, E.T., & Fritz, J.B. 1993b. Impact of
concreteness on comprehensibility, interest, and memory for text: Implications
for dual coding theory and text design. Journal of Educational Psychology,
Sadoski, M., Goetz, E., & Kangiser, S. 1988. Imagination
in story response: Relationships between imagery, affect, and structural
importance. Reading Research Quarterly, 23, 320-336.
Sadoski, M., Goetz, E.T., Olivarez, A., Lee, S., & Roberts, N.M.
1990. Imagination in story reading: The role of imagery, verbal
recall, story analysis, and processing levels. Journal of Reading
Behavior, 22, 55-70.
Sadoski, M., & Paivio, A. 1994. A dual coding view of imagery
and verbal processes in reading comprehension. In R.B. Ruddell, M.R.
Ruddell, & H. Singer (Eds.), Theoretical models and processes
of reading (4th ed., pp. 582-601). Newark, DE: International Reading
Sadoski, M., & Paivio, A. 2001. Imagery and text.
Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Sadoski, M., Paivio, A., & Goetz, E.T. 1991. Commentary:
A critique of schema theory in reading and a dual coding alternative.
Reading Research Quarterly, 26, 463-484.
Steingart, S.K., & Glock, M.D. 1979. Imagery and the recall
of connected discourse. Reading Research Quarterly, 15, 66-83.
Suzuki, N.S. 1985. Imagery research with children: Implications
for education. In A.A. Sheikh & K.S. Sheikh (Eds.), Imagery in
education: Imagery in the educational process (pp. 179-198). Farmingdale,